The Ford Motor Company C3 transmission started a family of light-duty longitudinal automatic transmissions.
The C3 design morphed into the A4LD 4-speed automatic in the mid-1980s and gave way to the 4R44 and 4R55 4-speed automatics of the mid-1990s. The last contingent was produced as the 5R44 and 5R55 5-speed automatic transmissions. The series started in 1974 and lasted until 2011 model years. Although most mechanics will advise you to avoid the C3 transmission, if you have one that you want to rebuild or repaid, then All Transmissions & Automotive is the place where the C3 experts are.
The C3 transmission was introduced for the lightweight 3-speed automatics of compact cars like the Ford Pinto. It was designed for the four cylinder, small V6, and the 200ci Inline Six engines.
Applications:19741980 Ford Pinto
19741977 Mercury Capri
19781983 Ford Fairmont
19741986 Ford Mustang
19811982 Ford Granada
19741986 Smaller rear wheel drive Lincolns
19741980 Mercury Bobcat
19781983 Mercury Zephyr
19791986 Mercury Capri
19831986 Mercury Marquis/Ford LTD (when equipped with the 2.3 I4)
19851989 Merkur XR4Ti
The C3 became the A4LD four-speed by adding an overdrive gear. This transmission came in with the 1985 Bronco II and Ranger (four- and six-cylinder engines only). In 1995 it was replaced by the 4R44E and 4R55E.
This transmission was the first Ford automatic to feature an EEC-controlled torque converter lock-up clutch. Added later was the Electronic shift control for the 34 shift. All other gears remained hydraulic.
19851990 Ford Bronco II
19871993 Ford Mustang (when equipped with the 2.3 I4)
19871988 Ford Thunderbird (when equipped with the 2.3 I4)
19851994 Ford Ranger
19851995 Ford Aerostar
19901994 Ford Sierra
19911994 Ford Explorer
19911994 Mazda Navajo
19942002 Mazda B-Series
19881989 Merkur Scorpio
The name 4R44E translates as 4 forward gears, rear-drive platform, rated for 440 ft/lb torque (with torque converter multiplication) and electronic shifting. 4R55E is a heavy duty version of the same transmission and rated for 550 ft·lbs.
In the 1995 models the A4LD featured full electronic controls, which ened up with a new transmission family. The two major versions were the 4R44E and 4R55E. The 4R44E was used in lighter-duty applications, for example the 4-cylinder or 3.0 L V6 models of the Ford Ranger, while the 4R55E was used in heavier-duty applications, specifically with the 4.0 L Cologne V6 used in vehicles like the said Ford Ranger and/or Ford Explorer. The 4R55E was was replace with the newer 5R55E 1997 models. The 4R44E lasted until the end of 1990s when it was replaced by the 5R55E's relative, the 5R44E.
19952001 Ford Ranger
19951997 Ford Aerostar
19951998 Ford Scorpio
19951996 Ford Explorer
19952001 Mazda B-Series
The 5R55E grew into the 4-speed 4R55E - a new breed of electronically controlled automatic transmission. It sported an additional forward gear. The 5R55E was the first 5-speed automatic transmission used by American automakers. The 5R55E featured more precise computer controls (necessary to accommodate the additional forward gear).
The 5R55E introduced a sophisticated friction-to-friction shifting. A heftier version of the 5R55E was made for lighter duty applications: the 5R44E.
Applications:1997 Ford Aerostar
1997-2011 Ford Ranger
19972010 Mazda B-Series
19972010 Ford Explorer
19982010 Mercury Mountaineer
20002003 Jaguar S-Type
20002006 Lincoln LS
20022005 Ford Thunderbird
20052010 Ford Mustang
2008-2010 Ford Falcon
20032005 Lincoln Aviator
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